Spanish power in the americas

Tiny Portugal emerged as the original leader of this effort.

Spanish conquest of the americas

In Mexico declared independence, with the Mexican War of Independence following for over a decade. In the first declarations of independence from Spanish rule occurred in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Puerto Rico continues to be a possession of the United States, now officially continues as a self-governing unincorporated territory. Madrid was the small town located at that point and it rose to be a great metropolis as a result of its status of capital. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence. The conquest was completed with the campaigns of the armies of the Crown of Castile between and , when the islands of Gran Canaria — , La Palma — , and Tenerife — were subjugated. A Portuguese navigator, Pedro Alvares Cabral, had sighted the northeast coast of Brazil in and the Portuguese king was interested in what else was nearby.

They conquered the Pueblo tribes late in the sixteenth century and eventually initiated trade with those tribes of the great North American plains they could not hope to conquer.

In many cases, indigenous artists and craftsmen soon left their own locally distinctive marks on the work they produced.

Works of Art 7 Essay The arts that evolved in the Spanish viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru were, from their beginnings in the sixteenth century, very different from those of the much younger North American colonies.

Spanish power in the americas

He then returned to Spain to report his findings. Although huge numbers toiled grimly in lethal conditions within underground mines, others formed part of a skilled workforce, with artists of Spanish descent, that helped to generate vast quantities of luxurious and labor-intensive objects, utilizing and underwritten by the very wealth extracted from the soil. According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, in , was about , and had dropped to 25, by In these battles, which established the supremacy of the Spanish Tercios in European battlefields, the forces of the kings of Spain acquired a reputation for invincibility that would last until the midth century. There Columbus lost his flagship, the Santa Maria. Philip chose in to make his capital in the geographic center of his kingdom of Spain and Portugal. Perhaps because of Philip's attempted defense of Catholicism in England and the Netherlands he was thoroughly disparaged by English writers and historians. Chronicler Pulgar wrote that the fame of the treasures of Guinea "spread around the ports of Andalusia in such way that everybody tried to go there". This war was less of a success than the war against Venice, and in , France agreed to a truce that left Milan in its control and recognized Spanish control of Upper Navarre , which had effectively been a Spanish protectorate following a series of treaties in , , , and It had a strong religious character. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, A Portuguese navigator, Pedro Alvares Cabral, had sighted the northeast coast of Brazil in and the Portuguese king was interested in what else was nearby.

This move earned high marks from the pope, but dealt a severe economic blow to the nation. What then happened is recorded by historian Henry Bamford Parkes: Several years of hard fighting gave [Montejo] control of the northern end of the peninsula, where he founded the town of Merida; and the Mayas were gradually reduced to slavery.

list of spanish colonies

The four voyages of Columbus between and served to open the door to European exploration, colonization and exploitation of the New World, although Columbus himself never set foot in North America.

When Columbus went to Hispanola he found the colony in chaos the colonists in rebellion against him.

Why did spain colonize america

He also took it upon himself to counter Protestantism. There were 15 cloisters and numerous religious artifacts that were parts of the bodies of saints. Managing the expanding empire became an administrative issue. The natives contracted malaria, smallpox and measles from the Europeans, but passed on syphilis to the invaders in a morbid exchange. Introduction by Octavio Paz. Although huge numbers toiled grimly in lethal conditions within underground mines, others formed part of a skilled workforce, with artists of Spanish descent, that helped to generate vast quantities of luxurious and labor-intensive objects, utilizing and underwritten by the very wealth extracted from the soil. The line of demarcation crossed through the hump of South America. It had 85 miles of corridors, 86 staircases, doors and windows. He had chronically red eyes from reading so much.
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Spanish colonization of the Americas